Since its first establishment in the 15th century, the Grand Bazaar is one of the most im portam complexes of the Near East and Mediterrenean. It is one of the most visited and written about places of the last two centuries since the beginning of the Grand Tour era. Today, it came to a point where its future in is danger because of different problems. In order to reduce these risks, overcome the problems and provide a strong management for the Grand Bazaar, the conference puts foıward the problems and their solutions below to the public opinion.
The Physical Problems : The building surveying of the imerior and exterior is not done. * The lack of inner and outer landscaping. * The lack of a parking garage for the visitors. The illegal extensions of the stores. The organized negative treatments of the peddlers towards the tradesmen of the Grand Bazaar .Unlicensed structı..ıring araund the Bazaar * Problem of electricity (The insufficiency of the electı·ical energy and installations ete.) • The visual pollution (signs ete.) * The invisibility of Grand Bazaar’s gates. The lack of directories (maps) and brochı..ıres which can be used by the visitors of Grand Bazaar. The negative effects of the crowds in the Beyazıt Square. • The lack of local customers. * The problems of infrastructı..ıre and sewer. * The damaged roof. * The tradesmen’s serious health problems which are caused from the physical conditions (humidity, dampness ete) * The damage on the architectı..ıral structı..ıre of the Bazaar that is done by the tradesmen. (Thinning the walls ete. ) Administration Problems * The lack of authority of the Bazaar managernem * The lack of coordination of the public institutes which have authorities over the Bazaar.*The lack of laws and/or regulations peculiar to the Bazaar.* The building surveying of the imerior and exterior is not done.* The lack of an organization which would make tradesmen more attentive to the management.* The lack of a parking garage for the visitors.• The ambiguity caused by the debates on the field administration and autonomous administration. • The inconveniency of the working hours and days* The lack of big brand names and companies in the Grand Bazaar.* Problem of electricity (The insufficiency of the electı·ical energy and installations ete.)* The invisibility of Grand Bazaar’s gates. * The lack of directories (maps) and brochı..ıres which can be used by the visitors of Grand Bazaar. • The lack of a R&D unit for the initiation of the Bazaar’s transformation. traditional structure. * The lack of accuracy that must be shown for the ceıtification of the merchandise. * The lack of protection for histarical structure of the Bazaar.
Security : The lack of a surveillance system * The lack of emergency exits .The emergency vehicles cannot transport Bazaar through the . The insufficiency of the emergency tools and gears.
The Advertisement Problems : The la ek of visual and printed media that adveıtises the Bazaar. * The insufficiency of the interior signs. ” The insufficiency of the exterior signs. * Tourist guides’ inappropriate behaviours that harms the Bazaar. ·· The lack of public transportation. * The lack of international adveıtisement. * The lack of communication and cooperation between the Bazaar and its surroundings (hotels, restaurants ete. The la ek of visual and printed media that adveıtises the Bazaar. * The insufficiency of the interior signs. ” The insufficiency of the exterior signs. * Tourist guides’ inappropriate behaviours that harms the Bazaar. ·· The lack of public transportation. * The lack of international adveıtisement. * The lack of communication and cooperation between the Bazaar and its surroundings (hotels, restaurants ete.)
The Problems Concerning Culture,Arts And Grafts : The disappearance of the traditional arts and crafts that enrich the Bazaar. * The disappearance of the work ethics that used to be peculiar to the Bazaar. * The tradesmen who lacks the traditional the Grand Bazaar culture. * The la ek of representation of the Bazaar in the press and art areas. * The lack of areas of social activity such as pocket cinema, cafe, exhibitions ete. * The lack of merchandise that represents the Bazaar. traditional structure. * The lack of accuracy that must be shown for the ceıtification of the merchandise. * The lack of protection for histarical structure of the Bazaar.
Recommended Solutions : All those problems listed above and the study groups agreed on are caused by the lack of a modern management. Thereby, our first recommended solution is to set up a modern management model for the Bazaar. The fırst step is to create a management model that consists of administering power. To d1is end, the Board along with the Office of Province Culture and Tourism should set up a team of law and executive specialists, who will work on this model. In addition, an Management Conunitte Council should be appointed to present a law draft to the House of Representatives. ” A Science and Advisoıy Boaı·d of specialists from the depaıtment of architecture, restaration and city planning, along with the representatives from related public organizations, should be appointed to work on methods and principles for the projeers on suıveying, restitution, restoration, and recycling. ··· The problems of the Bazaar, canceming the transformer, generator, sewer, roof ete, should be evaluated according to the suggestions of the Science and Advisoıy Board, and with the approval of the Board of Directors. * The security problems, which embody great risks for the Grand Bazaar, should immediately be resolved. The safety precautions against major risks such as fire, eaıthquake, terrorism ete. must be determined. The first step must be detennining the emergency exits. * The problems of adveıtisement and creating an image must actively be approached. A model of public relations must be developed to initiate a project that will make the Grand Bazaar a brand name. • Necessaıy education and coordination studies must be done to create a background that will preseıve d1e values and ed1ic rules of the Bazaar’s histarical tradition.
The Grand Bazaar Is A Living Museum :
In February 12, 2005, an arehive exhibition titled “from Bedestan to the Grand Bazaar” was held during the search conference in the İstanbul Chambers of Commerce. Especially, Önder BAYIR, the president of the Ottoman Archives, and Cevat EKİCİ, Ottoman archives specialist, made huge contributions to this exhibition. This was the f’ırst time a comprehensive document research was conducted on the Grand Bazaar. It was interesting that the Grand Bazaar, which contains the most beautiful examples of not only the business life but also the social life of the Empire, did not catch the attention of any universities or researchers. Ottoman archives specialist Cevat Ekici presented the following information from his researches at the time: “There are thousands of documents about the Grand Bazaar. We categorized them. We tried to pick the ones that underiine the characteristics of the Bazaar. W e tried to choose the most important document among the ones on the same subject. For instance, there are hundreds of documents after the 1894 earthquake. We chose the most important ones among them. We focused on the people who took active roles, the names and their methods that were used. Our aim was to catch the attention of the researchers by initiating such a research. A documentary research has not been done before. We, as archivists, wanted to raise public awareness. That is all an archivist could do. W e did our part. From now on, it is researchers’ responsibility.”
Cevat Bey calls attention to one thing. He is surpıised that no researches so far have been conducted on this important topic, which embodies many milestones of tl1e Ottoman financial and social structure. He says thousands of books can be written about the Grand Bazaar. In the archives, many documents, that haven’t seen the daylight, are waiting to be discovered by the researchers. “Here is a ocean of documents. We tıy to find the useful documents without drowning in here. As we wander around the documents, many ideas get shaped in our minds. We find many examples on safety, inheritance, administration ete. issues. Most importandy, in the Grand Bazaar it is possible to watch every social transformatian that the Ottoman Empire was going through. The shift from the cabinet system to using Westem style display cases is a good example of that.