The Sheik

Until the enel of 17th century, the seyh was the head of the Braveıy-Craftsmanship Community. He was elected by the traclesmen who establishecl the community uncler the canelition of staying as the sheik as long as he lives. The apprentices woulcl not anticipate the election. The traclesmen who establishecl the community woulcl have a well-known, old and virtuous parsonage in their group. The sheiks of artisans should not be confusecl with religious sheiks. The word of the sheik was the ultimate authority upon the tradesmen and the apprentices of that community. When the guilds were established insteacl of the Bravery-Craftsmanship Community, “Guilcl Masters” who neeclecl to have the same qualities as the Sheiks replaced them.

Evliya Çelebi reports that there were a hundrecl anel five sheiks in İstanbul in the midelle of the 17th centuıy. A recorcl in the registrations of the Religious Court of İstanbul shows that only the title ‘Sheik” was kept for the heacl of the Hairclresser Guilcl until the enel of 17th centuıy. The Barber Guild administrators who appliecl to the religious court for some matter were listeel as: the chamberlain attorney of the Barber Guilcl in Asitane-i Aliyye Master Seyyicl Mehmed, Master Yiğitbaşı Mehmed Sadık and the Sheik Abdullah Efendi and Prayer man Seyyid Osman and Sergeant Salih ve the old İsmail and … “(H. 1210; M. 1795 – 1796)

Leave a Reply

Please use your real name instead of you company name or keyword spam.